It is important to understand before reading this that this is one of the earliest pieces of literature about communism and communism has evolved since the creation of this. It is also important to remember that in this book socialism and communism are the same. After the communist manifesto socialism came to be known as a lower phase of communism.
The Communist Manifesto was created as a program by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels to instruct the Communist League’s Second Congress. It was first published in 1848 and there are multiple editions for different countries. One of the most important concepts to understand when reading the Communist Manifesto is who are the proletariat.
Proletariat: The class in a society which sells its labor and does not draw a profit from it. An example would be factory workers who are payed for their work whatever is deemed by the owner of the means of production instead of on how much money what they created is worth.
The Communist Manifesto argues that nobody should be a proletariat. The solution to proletarianism, according to the Communist Manifesto, is to abolish private property and operate branches of production by the society as a whole. Communists, according to the Communist Manifesto, believe that the abolition of private property most occur gradually. (Most modern communists don’t believe in the gradual abolition but the rapid abolition of the means of production.) Communists also hope to establish a democratic constitution to assert the dominance of the proletariat.
Some of the steps towards Communism are as follows. Limiting private property through progressive taxation, inheritance taxes, the gradual absorption of private land and businesses, the confiscation of the possessions of emigrants and rebels, the organization of labour on publicly owned land, remaining private businesses having to pay the same wages as the state run businesses, the creation of a national bank and suppression of private banks, the education of all children in state schools, and the shift of all means of transportation to the state.
Another important part of communism are the social aspects. Communism, according to the Communist Manifesto, would abolish traditional marriage because there would be no relying of the man in the woman or the children on the parents because the state provides for them. Nationalities under communism would be compelled to mingle with each other eventually abolishing nationalities. Religions under communism would disappear.
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